How investors and philanthropists can improve water stewardship
Achieving universal, affordable and sustainable access to safe water and safe sanitation is one of the key challenges facing humanity today. These are the aims of SDG6, the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal for water and sanitation by 2030. At a time of population and climate change, how can we make these services accessible and resilient while sustaining the environment?
What are the challenges of Sustainable Development Goals?
The United Nation’s 2015 Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG6) for 2030 is by some way the most ambitious set of targets for advancing water provision.
SDG 6.1 and 6.2 aim for universal access to safe water and safe sanitation respectively. SDG 6.3 seeks to halve the discharge of untreated wastewater. SDG 6.4 rolls out the application of water-use efficiency to counter water scarcity and SDG 6.5 supports integrated water resources management to tie together these ambitions. Unlike previous water and sanitation initiatives, SDG6 is based on closely monitoring each country’s progress towards these goals, along with their managerial and financial capacity to deliver them.
This means we can identify the challenges we face concerning water services, security and sustainability and decide how to respond to these in an informed way. Because SDG6 is set out as a focused set of objectives, it makes good sense to align these challenges with the specific sub-goals.
SDG for 2030
6.1 — Universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
6.2 — Access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation
6.3 — Improve water quality by reducing pollution and halving the proportion of untreated wastewater
6.4 — Substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals
6.5 — Implement integrated water resources management at all levels
6.6 — Protect and restore water-related ecosystems
Building Bridges Summit
In the media
Water stewardship in a time of climate change
Living with climate change will mean coping with the impacts on water and taking the necessary steps to reduce the vulnerabilities of communities and economies.
Press article by Marie-Laure Schaufelberger, Head of Group ESG & Stewardship, and David Lloyd Owen, Member of the Pictet Water Advisory Board
The challenges we face
In 2020, 2 billion people lacked safe water and 3.6 billion lacked safe sanitation. In the 2000s, 58% of people faced water stress or scarcity. Gains from reduced deaths and illness and improved productivity range from $170-556 billion pa. The global cost of flooding rose from $15 billion in 1950-69 to $395 billion in 1990-2009. Poor inland water quality inhibits GDP growth.
Responding to these challenges
‘Smart water’ is transforming water and wastewater management, delivering better outcomes at lower costs. Demand management and nature-based solutions, along with innovative procurement and project management also drive costs down. The developing world can often leap-frog traditional technologies and techniques as locally developed plant and processes can offer better and more sustainable approaches.
Climate change exacerbates these pressures on water by increasing water demand and the variability of rainfall intensity and frequency. The more the water sector can do to reduce its carbon impact, the less will its future impact be. Water and sewage utilities contribute 2-3% of global greenhouse gas emissions, so supporting best methane practices and minimising discharges will be crucial
New challenges, greater resilience
Covid-19, along with cyber-crime and climate change highlight the need for utilities to adapt to a range of unexpected outcomes, unforeseen threats and constantly changing circumstances. Wastewater-based epidemiology shows the potential for sewerage monitoring to make savings (in human and economic terms) and minimise current and future pandemics.
Supporting sustainable corporate governance
Private capital and its associated governance (quantified ESG reporting) can be effectively deployed to help the world move towards universal access to safe water and sanitation and water related risk management.
Why SDG6 is different
SDG6 assesses each country’s capacity to manage and finance each goal and to quantify affordability. SDG6 is driven by the ability to meet targets rather than aspirations.
How we can help
Philanthropic funding can be effectively used to assist in providing sustainable access to water and sanitation. For example, ensuring projects deliver their intended outcomes. Capacity-building helps ensure that they are delivering the appropriate systems, and working alongside national organisations responsible for delivering Official Development Assistance.
A promising area for funding water projects has started to emerge at the intersection of philanthropy, economic development and traditional finance. These initiatives use innovative financing approaches that incentivise the achievement of greater positive impact such as pay-for-success agreements. In developed markets, bond structures are being adapted to include outcome dependent features.
Responding to the water challenges
- Transforming water and wastewater management through real-time metering and monitoring.
- Real-time, smart water metering and network management to deliver better outcomes at lower costs and ensuring that both customers and the environment will benefit.
- Using or mimicking natural processes for ecosystem services to complement water networks.
- Nature-based solutions to ease the need to use ‘hard’ water infrastructure, while improving water quality and resilience to floods and drought
- Facing funding, politics, rising expectations and ageing infrastructure challenges.
- Private sector participation in project design, development and management to deliver cost savings and improved service delivery.
- Boosting water management and governance knowldedge in Emerging Markets and civil societies.
- Delivering the appropriate systems for each place. Working with national organisations responsible for delivering Official Development Assistance.
- Enabling water security through minimising water consumption and ensuring its effective use.
- Demand Management to lower costs in domestic consumption, industry and irrigation, along with minimising water transmission losses.
Pictet Water Stewardship Principles
Pictet intends to support and promote the principles of SDG6, the human right to water and sanitation and their universal access, throughout the Pictet Group:
- Government Bonds: Engage with sovereign issuers to support policies to implement these.
- Corporate Bonds and Listed Equities: Engage in delivering best practices.
- Listed impact equities: Focus on water and environmental services companies.
- Private equity: Systematically apply best practices to water management.
- Philanthropy: Our foundation will continue to pursue funding of water projects that support these principles where financial returns are not possible, appropriate or require grant funding at inception.
About Building Bridges Summit 2021
Pictet is one of the main sponsors of the 2nd edition of Building Bridges, which will take place from 29 November to 2 December in Geneva.
Building Bridges aims to bring together international institutions and the financial community to advance sustainable finance through concrete actions. Taking advantage of Switzerland's unique ecosystem, Building Bridges brings together a diversity of international actors from finance, government, the UN, NGOs and academia.
The Building Bridges Summit will host a panel of Swiss and international leaders and world-renowned speakers around a common vision and goal: to accelerate the transition towards a global economic model aligned with the imperatives of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, with finance as a catalyst.